This weekly update spotlights criminal violence in the Niger Delta with a focus on violent separatist agitation and criminal insurgency in Imo State. According to data (see map below), separatist agitation and counter-insurgent violence caused over 400 fatalities in Imo State between January 2019 and December 2021. Recent data shows a rise in violent separatist agitation and criminal insurgency in the State. In April 2022, for example, suspected members of the Eastern Security Network (ESN) – the militia arm of the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) – reportedly attacked a divisional police station with Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) in Mbieri town, Mbaitoli LGA. Separately, in April, gunmen report-edly attacked a local council headquarters with IEDs in Awo-Idemili town, Orsu LGA. Also, in April, separatist militias reportedly attacked a voter registration center and killed a staff of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) in Amakohia town, Ihitte Uboma LGA. Recently, on April 17, 2022, a resident was reportedly killed during a clash between security operatives and separatist militias in Ihioma town, Orlu LGA.